Akira – The Manga – アキラ

I had seen the movie Akira, but I still hadn’t read the manga until recently. My colleague Inata lent me six volumes of the last Japanese edition by Kodansha; in United States they were published by Dark Horse.

In comparison to the movie, the manga delves more deeply into the political situation after the 3rd World War, the state of Neo-Tokyo and the development of the personality of the main characters. In Tokyo Magnitude 8.0 the city is destroyed by an earthquake; in Akira, Tokyo is reduced to ashes by a new type of bomb (in clear reference to Hiroshima and Nagasaki) starting the 3rd World War.

Reading the manga more carefully I have noticed some questions that Otomo Katsuhiro deals with that I didn’t notice in the movie:

Corrupt government, slow in taking decisions and inefficient in general
The Japanese government is heavily criticized for its bureaucracy, by its slowness when taking critical decisions and for its corruption. There’s usually not many corruption scandals in Japan, they are very good at hiding them, but the citizens are always suspicious. The movie Ikiru by Akira Kurosawa addresses in depth the Japanese bureaucracy problems. In Akira the government plays a puppet role, they talk and talk about the crisis situation but are not able to take any correct decisions, they are not able to control the crisis in any moment at all; they even make it worse. Nowadays, in the real world, Japan is also in a situation of reconstruction and the government is being criticized for its slowness when executing, mostly on all the matters concerning Fukushima nuclear power plant. All the communications infrastructure in the affected areas by the tsunami has been almost completely reestablished and 5,000 new houses have been built. Even so, those affected (there are more than 100,000 people living in shelters) demand much more speed to the government.

Cults
Another important topic in Akira are the cults and their networks that extend throughout all the government. Until I have developed enough my Japanese language skills, it is something that I was not really aware of, as to really understand the topic you have to get deep into conversations with Japanese people, mostly when you ask them about the sarin gas attack on the Tokyo subway. In Japan there’s much more cults than you would think. Some of them are quite powerful and control publishing companies and other media. One of the main topics of 1q84 by Haruki Murakami is cults and their influence on Japanese society.

Reconstruction
The reconstruction of the country after the war and the economic revival is another key topic in Akira. The area where old Tokyo was located, is useless after the 3rd World Ward, and the new Tokyo called “Neo-Tokyo” is constructed in Tokyo bay, gaining land to the sea. Katsuhiro Otomo criticizes the problems of a rushed and ill-considered reconstruction, showing a modern and futurist Neo-Tokyo but at the same time dystopic, overpopulated, completely controlled by the authorities like in Orwell’s 1984, and invaded by gangs. Akira also shows scenes inside schools and high schools putting in evidence the deficiencies of the Japanese education system.

These are some of the social questions that I have noticed in this masterpiece, that on the surface it looks like a simple action work but in reality it is much more, it is a mirror of the concerns of today’s Japanese society. Have you read the manga? Only the movie? What did you think about it? What did you learn about Japan?

Akira 第1巻, volume 1

Akira 第2巻、Thanks @inata_hazuki

Other articles about Akira:

6 Comments
  • Brendan

    April 22, 2011 at 1:45 pm

    When you write “sect”, you probably mean cult.

    A sect is a recognized sub-group of an established religious movement. e.g., Evangelicals are a sect of Christianity, Sunnis are a sect of Islam, Nichiren is a sect of Buddhism.

    Cults on the other hand are usually more radical religious groups. e.g., the Branch Davidians (Waco Texas), Aum Shinrikyo (Sarin Gas attack incident), Heaven’s Gate (mass suicide in San Diego), People’s Temple (Jonestown mass suicide). Cults don’t always perpetrate crimes, but they are often radical in their beliefs and their demands of their members.

  • kirai

    April 22, 2011 at 4:25 pm

    Thanks Brendan. I didn’t really know the difference between cult and sect. In fact in Spanish we use the same word for both meanings (secta)

  • Alex

    April 22, 2011 at 11:59 pm

    Did you know that in the Akira timeline, the Neo-Tokyo explosion happens on the same day as the movie’s premiere? Katsuhiro Otomo is awesome! Another cool thing to get into is the creation of the soundtrack, Geinoh Yamashirogumi really blended a lot of different music traditions together, but the only place I’ve seen the explanations are in the CD booklet!

  • Renato Murakami

    April 23, 2011 at 11:31 pm

    Been wanting to read this for a long time… but since there’s no brazilian release, and I’m short of money to import the three volumes, it’ll take some time.
    But thanks for reminding! At least the anime DVD is out here, maybe I’ll get it, though I’m really interested in those aditional aspects.
    Kinda like watching Ghost in the Shell, and then reading the manga

  • Mr. S.

    April 24, 2011 at 2:47 am

    Don’t worry about differentiating between the English words ‘cult’ and ‘religion’: as an ex-Catholic I can tell you the difference is only in the mind of the speaker. As for Japan, Soka Gakkai is huge, powerful, accounts for 5% of the population, and nobody dares criticize them publicly, but 95% loathe them privately.

  • kirai

    April 26, 2011 at 12:05 am

    thanks @Mr. S. 🙂